THE SLOVENIAN (SLOVENEC) (1873 1945): POLITICAL NEWSPAPER FOR THE SLOVENIAN PEOPLE Brief overview of the history to mark the 140th anniversary of the beginning of its publishing.
National Museum of Contemporary History has planned to honor an important anniversary in the Slovenian newspaper and cultural history and history in general with an exhibition in the memory of the 14oth anniversary of the beginning of publishing the Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper. As it is often the case with newspapers facing the faith of a lack of money, this exhibition met the same fate since there will be no exhibition to see. But despite all that we are commemorating the newspaper with the present journal. In the mentioned journal Mateja Tominšek Perovšek managed to gather a large number of authors who have presented the significance of the said newspaper in a variety of ways. In particular, the journal will help younger generations to get a clearer idea of the importance and influence of print media, which nowadays many people do not encounter any more or only occasionally, and usually not by reading some general daily newspaper (formerly demarked as /national/ political press), but with newspapers that briefly in a few sentences tell us the most important, and also provide us with a lot of irrelevant and non-fatal news. Together with a few years older Slovenski narod (The Slovenian Nation) the Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper presented the most important Slovenian newspaper for about three-quarters of the century, from the last quarter of This 19th century to the end of the World War II. h is a long period of time that can in some way represent human life. Everyone is born with some kind of initial option provided to them by their parents who at a later point accompany their child on their journey of growing up and of course critically contemplate their adult life.
Even the ending of a human life may be gradual due to illness or instant due to a sudden event. The Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper has evolved in different ways (M. Tominšek Perovšek and K. Erjavec). On the one hand, we are talking about technical progress associated with the development of printing techniques and at the same time with the ability of owners to follow these news, however, the most important component of newspaper is still its content. The contents of newspaper was framed by owners and editors, and a negligent impact on the content was made by historical development, which the Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper also often co-created with the reporting of incidents and their analyzing. Authors of contributions have in the present journal tackled various aspects; from the basic describing of the general importance of the newspaper in the individual periods (J. Perovšek, M. Štepec, B. Godeša and J. Juhant), through the impressions of certain segments of content that was more or less present in the newspaper (M. Tominkk Perovkk on sport, culture and education, Z. Lazarevid on economy). We cannot disregard those at the time of publishing the newspaper »special< topics, which could generally be summed up with the question: where are the women?« (M. Centa, M. Tominšek Perovšek, I. Selišnik and M. Verginella). Particular contributions are dealing with specific events and show how the same were presented in particular editions of the Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper (M. Kokalj Kočevar), or persons, who have been associated with the development or have affected the newspaper in some other way (M. Čipić Rehar and J. Cvirn). Slovenec (The Slovenian) has, like other news-papers, began to enrich the texts with photographs and illustrative material. At some point they decided to issue a special supplement or the Ilustrirani Slovenec (The Slovenian Illustrated), which was providing mainly photographs and the text was primarily a connecting element (K. Jurjavčič, M. Lavrinec and P. Mikša). The illustrative material was often used as supporting element in commercial and various advertisements (U. Purg). In 1945 the Slovenec (The Slovenian) ceased being published (A. Gabrič) and has unsuccessfully attempted - but only for a short time - to return to kiosks after the independence of Slovenia. Today's readers of Slovenec (The Slovenian) are mostly different researchers who are using the newspaper for discovering a wide variety of aspects of our past. Older readers may prefer going to the library and picking up a book, in which they bound certain numbers. Those technically more advanced readers may be tempted by electronic form of access since the Slovenec (The Slovenian) was one of the first projects of digitizing older Slovenian newspapers (I. Zemljič). Looking at the history of Slovenec (The Slovenian) newspaper demonstrates an important role of the newspaper or - as expressed in modern terms - media, and this role has been great in the past, when the only means of such kind was newspaper, and is great even today, when this function is performed by a wide variety of media. In so doing, newspapers are unfortunately often the less important and less influential ones. Significant impact was also made by the socio-cultural development and the fact that we can often find the dominant role of owners in newspapers, who are interested in costs, profit and selling advertising space, rather than content, or even some kind of newspaper's mission.
Language: Slovenian with afterword and summary also in English.
Size: 30 x 23,5 cm, 199 pages
Publisher: National Museum of Contemporary History, 2013